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人教版小学六年级英语上册知识点:Unit 5

2017-09-07 19:16:53

英语学习在小学生教育中是非常重要的,小学生要从小打好英语学习的基础。为此精品学习网小学频道为广大小学生朋友们准备了人教版小学六年级英语上册知识点,希望能帮助大家学好英语和提高成绩!

人教版小学六年级英语上册知识点

一、重点短语:

Singer歌手 writer作家 actor男演员 actress女演员 artist画家

TV reporter电视台记者 engineer工程师 accountant会计 policeman警察

Cleaner清洁工 salesperson售货员work工作

二、重点句型:

1.What does your mother do? 你妈妈是干什么的?

2.She is a TV reporter. 她是一个电视播音员。

3.Where does she work? 她在哪儿工作?

4.She works in a school. 她在学校工作。

5.How does she go to work? 她怎么去工作?

6.She goes to work by bus. 她乘公交车去工作。

三、重点语法:

1、一些由动词变化而来的职业名词:

teach-teacher clean-cleaner sing-singer dance-dancer

drive-driver write-writer TV report-TV reporter

act-actor act-actress art-artist engine-engineerplay basketball/football/baseball-basketball/football/baseball player

2、提问职业有两种方式: What is your father? 或者What does your father do?

3、a/an的区别,跟元音发音有关。例如:a singer/writer/TV reorteran actor/actress/artist/engineer/accountant

4、What are you going to be ?问的是长大想干什么,注意用"be". I'm going to be a …记住p61和63有关职业信息的内容

5、记住几个地点: shoe /car/air-conditioner company? 鞋/汽车/空调公司

6、做"对句子划线部分提问"试题时,一般应该遵循三个步骤:

(1)确定与句子划线部分相应的特殊疑问词,并且特殊疑问词代替相应的划线部分。

(2)把特殊疑问词代替划线部分后的句子变成一般疑问句。

(3)最后再把特殊疑问词提到句首。

以上三个基本步骤可以用三个字来概括,即:定,问,提。例如:This is a book.

①This is what. ②Is this what ③What is this ?

注意:句①②只是一种变化过程,不必写入试题中。句③才是试题所要求的形式和结果,必须写到试题上。以上三个步骤是对句子划线部分提问最基本的过程。

然而对不同句子的不同成份提问时,还要注意以下几点:

(1). 如果句子的划线部分是主语,只找出相应的特殊疑问词,用来代替划线部分即可。如:

1)He teaches us English. Who teaches us English?

2)My mother's clothes are over there. Whose clothes are over there?

(2). 如果句子的划线部分是谓语(包括谓语动词),不论原来的谓语动词是何种形式(时态、语态),都要将谓语动词变为do的相应的形式:不论原来的谓语动词后面跟的是人、物还是地点,一律用What来代替。如:

1)They are playing football.

①They are doing what. ②Are they doing what? ③What are they doing?

2)They wolf is going to kill that man.

①They wolf is going to do what. ②Is the wolf going to do what?

③What is the wolf going to do?

(3). 如果句子的划线部分是定语,并且在谓语部分,这时,需将特殊疑问词和紧跟其后的名词一起提到句首。如:

1)That is his pen.

①That is whose pen. ②Is that whose pen ③Whose pen is that?

对定语划线部分提问题,如果划线部分是所属关系,特殊疑问词用whose;如果划线部分指具体的"某一个"时特殊疑问词用which;如果划线部分指内容或职业时,特殊疑问词用what;如果划线部分指数量时,特殊疑问词用how many(可数)或how much(不可数)。如:

1) They are the legs of the desk.

①They are whose legs. ②Are they whose legs? ③Whose legs are they?

2)I like red one.

①You like which one. ②Do you like which one? ③Which one do you like?

3)They have five English books.

They have how many English books.

Do they have how many English books?

How many English books do they have?

职业男女的称呼区别:actor-actres  salesman-saleswoman salesperson 男女售货员都可以  mailman-mailperson

针对练习:

I.选出下列各组单词的划线部分与其它三个读音不同的单词。

(    )1. A. go   B. son  C. brother  D. come

(    )2. A. mother  B. that C. these  D. think

(    )3. A. dad  B. family C. father  D. man

(    )4. A. behind  B. family C. kind  D. Chinese

(    )5. A. think  B. picture  C. policeman  D. twin

II.单项选择。

(   )1.______mother is a teacher of English. A. Lucy’s and Lily      B. Lucy and Lily’s    C. Lucy and Lily       D. Lucy or Lily (   )2.My family ______ all ______ home.  A. is, in      B. are, at    C. are, on     D. is, at (   )3. Please ______ the new student, Mary.  A. look after               B. look like    C. looks after              D. looks like (   )4. Where ______ Mr. Zhang ______? A. does, work              B. do, work   C. is, work                  D. are, work (   )5. Kate works ______ a school. Her father works ______ a farm.  A. in, in    B. in, on     C. on, in     D. on, on (   )6.—What does your brother do? —He _____ a teacher A. do     B. does    C. works    D. is (   )7. Mr. Black is a doctor. He works _____. A. in hospital    B. on hospital   C. in a hospital    D. on a hospital (   )8. —What are you? — __________. A. I’m very well.          B. I’m eleven    C. I’m in Mr. Li’s office    D. I’m a basketball player (   )9. What does your father _____ Sundays? A. do in     B. do on    C. does at    D. does on (   )10. —______ does your brother work? —In a factory. A. How     B. Where     C. What     D. Which

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