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轻松拿高分!高三英语短文改错题解题技巧

2017-10-12 17:13:30

英语短文改错是高考命题的必考题型之一,是集多项语法规则和多种语言技能于一身的综合性试题,具有题型小,灵活性大,覆盖面广,综合性强,测试层次多的特点。一起来看看高三英语短文改错题解题技巧相关内容。

轻松拿高分!高三英语短文改错题解题技巧

【改错题解题技巧】

高考英语短文改错的考点涵盖知识的领会、运用、分析、综合等诸多方面,考查目标既涉及语言知识的多个方面(词法、句法、语篇结构、行文逻辑等),又涵盖理解、分析、运用和整体思维等诸方面能力。

短文改错的文章内容浅显,词数为100左右,多采用记叙文文体,偶尔也有说明文和应用文。

短文改错的文章中的错误主要是词语、语法、篇章结构和行文逻辑等方面的错误,这些错误往往需要在不同程度上借助语境进行判断,它不仅要求考生掌握好一定的词汇、语法知识,还要求考生具有一定的阅读、分析和逻辑推理能力。

1.动词时态

每年都有时态错误的小题,而且改动基本集中在一般过去时与一般现在时之间。时态的更改要以上下文的主体时态为依据。

(1)(2003全国卷)She liked it very much and reads it to the class. All said the story was... 84. read

(and连接并列谓语)

(2)(2004江苏卷)At once I apologize and controlled myself... 83. apologized

(and连接并列谓语)

(3)(2004全国卷) Sometimes, we talked to each other very well in class,... 82. talk

(根据sometimes可判断此句为一般现在时)

(4)(2005全国卷Ⅱ)I will write again and send you the photos we take together. 85. took

(把照片寄给你,应该是已经拍好的,用过去时)

(5)(2005全国卷Ⅰ) There are advantage for students to work while studying at school. One of them was that they can earn money. 77. is

(从上下文判断,应该是现在时,谓语用is)

(6)(2005江苏卷)We named him Jack and keep him for about three years. 76. kept

(and连接并列谓语)

2.名词单复数

单复数互改是高考英语改错题的基本题型之一,改动的依据有:一是根据名词前的修饰限定成份;二是根据上下文的逻辑关系。

(1)(2003全国卷)Their word were a great encouragement to me. 85. words

(是把word改为words 还是把were改为was,根据名词前的修饰限定词their来决定。)

(2)(2004江苏)that was a dinner we had waited for several month. 85. months

(several修饰复数名词)

(3)(2004全国卷Ⅰ) a few minute on the Internet. 77. minutes

(a few修饰复数名词)

(4)(2005全国卷Ⅱ)But one and a half year later. 79. years

(one and a half意思为一年半,故判断此处year应为复数形式)

(5)(2005全国卷Ⅰ)There are advantage for students to work... 76. advantages

(从there are 判断应该用名词复数)

3.句子结构

句子结构方面的错误范围庞大,解答高考英语改错题主要可以从以下几方面来思考:1)句子结构是否完整,成份是否冗缺;2)单词的词性与其在句中的功能是否相符;3)主谓一致;4)复合句中连接主句和从句的关系词或引导词的运用是否得当等。

(1)(2004 全国卷)I won’t be able to meet you at the airport although I have classes in the afternoon. 78. because/as

(复合句中连接主句和从句的关系词运用不当)

(2)(2004 全国卷Ⅱ) I don’t know that they don’t like to talk with me. 81. why

(复合句中连接主句和从句的关系词运用不当)

(3)(2005全国卷Ⅰ)For the most part, students working to earn money for their own use. 78. work

(缺谓语动词)

(4)(2005全国卷Ⅰ)Earning their own money allow them to spend on anything if they like. 79. allows

(主语是动名词短语Earning their own money,谓语应该用单数)

(5)(2005江苏卷)But the most wonderful thing about Jack were his musical ability. 84. was

(主语是第三人称单数)赘述[/page]

4.赘述

高考英语改错题中的赘述是指在一些固定表达中或从上下文逻辑来看用了多余的词,从而使句子表达不合规范或造成逻辑上的重复。

(1)(2003全国卷80)I followed her advice and should put down 100 words or so each day. 80. should

(并列谓语,should多余)

(2)(2004 全国卷)Can you tell me about what I should do? 85. about

(tell sb about/of sth或tell sb接从句)

(3)(2004重庆卷)I had to look up to the same word many times, ... 78. to

(look up a word查字典)

(4)(2005全国卷Ⅰ)Some students may also to save up for their college or future use. 84. to

(情态动词may后接动词原形)

(5)(2005江苏卷) But for the most wonderful thing about Jack was his musical ability. 83. for

(but是连词for是介词,不能并列)

5.固定结构(固定句型、固定短语、固定搭配)

所谓固定结构是指英语中一些不能随意更改的习惯表达。如固定短语中的词不能缺,固定搭配要前后一致等。

(1)(2003全国卷81)Soon I began to enjoy talk to myself on paper as I was ... 81. talking

(enjoy doing为固定短语)

(2)(2004 全国卷Ⅰ)I am sure they will laugh to me and see me as a fool. 79. at

(laugh at sb. 固定短语)

(3)(2004 浙江卷)from friends can all provide you for stamps from all over the world. 82. with

(provide ... with为固定短语)

(4)(2005全国卷Ⅱ)I am writing to thank you with your kind help. 76. for

(thank sb for sth)

(5)(2005全国卷Ⅰ) or for permission to do things by money. 83. with

(with money)

6.冠词

英语中冠词只有三个,从高考英语改错题的角度来看,只能从以下几个方向出题:1)不定冠词a和an互改;2)不定冠词a或an和定冠词the互改;3)根据需要增删冠词。

(1)(2004 全国卷Ⅲ)I will have to decide what I want to do over a weekend. 77. the

(根据句义是特指这个周末)

(2)(2004江苏卷)When I was ∧boy, ... 76. ∧a

(我是一个男孩,应用不定冠词 a.)

(3)(2004 辽宁卷)This was my first visit to a English family. 78. an

(English开头字母是元音,应该用an)

(4)(2004重庆卷)I started writing down words from ∧ books that I read. 82. ∧the

(名词后由从句修饰时,应使用定冠词)

(5)(2005全国卷Ⅱ)I hope you’ve had∧pleasant journey home and will come to China 83. ∧a代词[/page]

7.代词

代词不仅要与其所指代对象一致,其运用还要符合上下文的语气及逻辑关系。

(1)(2004 浙江卷)And every year more and more people start a stamp collection of your own ... 78. their

(指代对象应一致)

(2)(2004湖北卷)You have to be friends with your pupils and take good care of him. 83. them

(pupils 是复数,后应该用替代复数名词的代词。)

(3)(2005全国卷Ⅰ)Some students may also save up for our college or future use. 85. their

(指代对象应一致)

(4)(2005江苏卷)We often play a trick on himself. 79. him

(play a trick on sb)

8.连词及与并置问题

连词连接的前后两部分是否合乎逻辑;并列连词所连接的前后两部分结构是否等同。这两点是解答连词及其相关问题的关键所在。

(1)(2004江苏卷)My grandma was the best cook in the world but could make the most delicious dishes. 79. and

(从句意可知,此处表并列关系,应用and)

(2)(2004全国卷Ⅳ)My class will be over by then or I will pick you up there. 82. and

(并列关系,“于是、同时、然后”等意思)

(3)(2004全国卷Ⅱ)I would describe myself as shy and quietly. 77. quiet

(连接的词性应一致)

9.易混淆的词或词组

易混淆的词既包括词意相同或相近的同义词、近义词,也包括外形相似、意义有别的词组。易混淆词或词组的辨析也是高考改错题中不容忽视的部分。

(1)(2004全国卷Ⅰ)Finding information on the Net is easily. 83. easy

(be easy 非常容易,形容词做表语)

(2)(2004福建卷)She called 119 immediate. 84. immediately

(副词做状语)

(3)(2003全国卷)I always thought in Chinese and tried to translate anything into English. 78. everything

(在陈述句中一般用everything)

(4)(2004 重庆卷)...but I had terribly problems memorizing them. 77. terrible

(作定语应用形容词)

(5)(2005全国卷Ⅱ)My pronunciation was terribly. 78.terrible

(系动词后用形容词作表语)

以上错误类型的划分不一定很科学,但至少能为考生解答高考英语改错题提供思考方法。一旦考生认清了高考英语改错题的特点、解题方法以及错误类型,解题时就不会盲目从事,而能做到有的放矢。

综上所述,要做好短文改错题,必须明确短文改错考点提示,抓住短文改错特点,然后打开做题思路,才能巧解短文改错题。因此,掌握短文改错的特点和应对技巧,有利于帮助同学们逐步培养判断、发现、纠正语篇中语言错误的能力,在高考英语中取得高分。练习题[/page]

【练习题】

Dear Mr. Black,

I’m very thank to you for inviting me to stay with you in the come summer vacation. I have been dreamed of seeing you again so that I can get help from you in my English learning. And I’m afraid I cannot go to your pla ce in this summer. I’ve promised my grandmother, she lives in th e country, to spend this summer with her. She misses me too much that I find dif ficult to refuse her request. I’m busy preparing for my examinations in present. I planned to visit you in winter if it’s convenient to you.

Best wishes.

Yours truly,

Li Ying

【答案】

1. thank改为thankful

2. come改为coming

3. dreamed改为dreaming

4. And改为But5ykj.com

5. 去掉in

6. she改为who

7. too改为so

8. find后面加it

9. in改为at

10. planned改为plan

想要更好的学习首先要做的就是理解运用课本中的知识,因此为同学们整理了高三英语短文改错题解题技巧,希望大家可以更快更好的提高成绩,相关内容请看【高中英语语法】栏目!

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