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高一英语完形填空解题技巧 赶快收藏!

2017-10-24 16:15:51

高中英语的学习依然至关重要,不仅靠知识的积累和运用,同时也需要学习的方法和做题的技巧,为了帮助广大考生攻克高考英语的学习,为大家整理了高一英语完形填空解题技巧,供大家参考。

高一英语完形填空解题技巧 赶快收藏!

【完形填空解题技巧】

技巧一、上下要连续,前后要贯通

连词的使用是各行各句之间提供了紧密的因果、转折、并列或者条件的内在逻辑关系,通过发现和识别连词,可以从宏观的角度把握文章的大意,构建全文的内在逻辑结构,领会作者的思路,完形填空通过保留一定数量的词语,使答题的人获得必要的信息和知识。所以,某些题供答题信息的关键词会多次反复地出现,我们把这样的关键词称为信息词,所以要好好把握,挑出信息词。同时凭借自己掌握的语法知识和一般的常识,兼顾人称、性别、单复数、语法和时态等等语法的因素,从语法的结构方面考虑答案。

技巧二、抓住第一句,预测下一句

完形填空文章的第一句话通常是没有空白的完整句子,而且第一句往往是文章的主题句,或是含有主题词的句子,阅读理解的有些段落也是如此。所以,考生往往可以根据第一句话来把握文章或者段落的中心思想,为下面的答题奠定基础。读完第一句,接着往下读文章的时候,英语语感较好的人做完形填空往往会极其主动地去预测。

技巧三、瞻前顾后,先易后难

瞻前顾后即前后观察,对空格前后句子深入分析,确定空格在句中的意思。如果是语法问题,不仅要考虑时态、语态,还要考虑整个词法、句法。如果是语义问题,要从上下文分析,依据短文自身完整的语言环境进行合乎逻辑的推理判断。先易后难就是首先选出那些只根据上下文就能直接确定的、明显的答案,诸如固定词组、常见句型等。集中精力解决难度较大的题。瞻前顾后,不要忘记首尾照应,首句之重要大家已注意,同时不要忽视尾句的画龙点晴的作用。另外要牢记文章的中心思想,把每个空白处的含义与前后句的意思联系起来理解,文章最前面的空格很有可能要到文章的末尾才能找到答案。

技巧四、复查全文,消除疏漏

填空全部完成后,还要通读一遍,检查前后是否贯通、内容是否清楚、主题是否突出。复读过程中如果有某些地方意义含混或矛盾,应该依据文章的中心意思来重新考虑,从意义和语法两个角度仔细权衡,加以改正,以便弥补疏漏。从语法上,检查一下所完成的句子是否主谓一致,时态和语态是否正确,名词、代词的性、格是否一致,动词、形容词、名词与介词的搭配是否准确无误。对于个别难度较大的空项,可以凭着自己的语感,坚持第一感觉选择的答案。

技巧五、通览全文,把握大意通览全文

目的是抓住文章的大意,了解全文的结构和基本内容,为下一步正确选择答案奠定基础。有人认为,看一篇满是空白的短文得不到什么信息,倒不如看一句填一空,这样节约时间一些。其实不然。考生只有在通览全文之后,才会成竹在胸,能够更快更准确地找出答案来。

技巧六、细心检查,避免疏漏

全部答案选定后,文章完整了,应再从头至尾读一遍。这也是最关键的一点,这就要求细心检查每一个填空处是否有笔误或疏漏的地方来调整答案。联系实际,攻克难关

初选答案结束后,考生如果对自己选出的答案还不十分有把握,或留下一些模棱两可的题和难题没有做完,这时,应快速再读短文,联系前后文内容,理清短文故事情节,结合日常知识判断出“未知题”的答案。

【同步检测】

A young British woman had shortly arrived in Hong Kong and had not yet 36 anything about the Chinese 37 . One day she went to the home of a Chinese friend and was 38iven a cup of Chinese tea. She was not 39 and she also found this type of tea rather 40 . However, since she had been given the tea , she felt she should drink it. Hoping to finish it 41 so that she would not feel about having to drink this tea which she did not 42 , she started to drink as much of it as she could. But as soon as her cup became half - full, the host 43 giving her more. Several times she told the host that she had had 44 , but it seemed to have no 45 . Her cup kept being 46 , and she kept on drinking. During the time of her 47 , she drank about twelve cups of tea. Later she found out that she should have just 48 the tea, and that this would have meant that she had had enough. Influenced by her 49 culture, she felt it too 50 to leave the tea and could not understand why the host took no notice of her protests(抗议) that she had had enough!

36. A. got B. learned C. taught D. remembered

37. A. culture B. language C. food D. habit

38. A. hardly B. certainly C. carefully D. immediately

39. A. tired B. happy C. thirsty D. interested

40. A. bitter B. sweet C. nice D. cold

41. A. in time B. slowly C. gradually D. quickly

42. A. take B. have C. like D. buy

43. A. practised B. insisted on C. stopped D. tried

44. A. some B. enough C. all D. a little

45. A. value B. end C. effect D. importance

46. A. filled B. moved C. changed D. emptied

47. A. talk B. visit C. party D. investigation

48. A. left B. drunk C. absorbed D. filled

49. A. modern B. ancient C. Western D. Eastern

50. A. impolite B. polite C. easy D. uneasy

参考答案:BADCA DCBBC ABACA

高一英语完形填空解题技巧介绍到这里了,想必大家已经积累了不少文化知识,同时也一定不要忘了及时调整自己的学习计划,提前做好开学的准备!

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