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高三英语学习误区分析 你注意了吗?

2017-10-24 16:43:38

新学期已经开始,高三生们在英语学习上面临一个方法转变的问题,不应该继续将高一高二时的一些旧习惯带入最后阶段,而应该澄清误区,用最有效的复习方法迎接最后一年的学习和复习。 因此,为大家整理了高三英语学习误区,供大家参考。

高三英语学习误区分析 你注意了吗?

【学习误区分析】

误区一:英语复习就是题海战术

对于高三学生来说,英语学习往往意味着大量做题目。事实上,单纯做题目不能替代英语复习。真正的语言学习的过程是一个语言输入和输出的过程。语言输入指的是听和读。听既指课内的听,更指课外的听。 《课程标准》对高中学生课外视听量有具体规则。课外听的内容不应仅仅局限于做“听力理解”,即做高考题型的听力。高三学生可以从收音机和电视收听简单的新闻,也可以在网上听。另外一个很好的资源是“一纲多本”下的不同的教材录音。比如,学习“新世纪”英语的学生可以尝试听“牛津”英语的课录音。

读,指的是阅读。阅读量越大,阅读者的语感越强。在阅读时应注意以下几点:第一,要注意所阅读材料的难度。阅读材料不是越难越好,应该与读者的英语水平相当。第二,要注意阅读材料的长度。一般来说,所选材料在300词左右为最佳。第三,要注意所选材料所涉及的主题内容。有些学生习惯读故事类文章,而对论述类文章不感兴趣。有些学生可能会排斥科普类的文章。有经验的老师会鼓励学生多阅读题材远离学生知识范围的文章。近几年,高考试卷中短文阅读涉及到的题很广,如有关“拍卖”、“纳米技术”、“特许经营权”等,往往是高三学生所不太熟悉的。第四,要注意充分应用所读文章。读文章并不只是完成短文后的选择题,要充分挖掘文本,利用文本,复习、巩固词汇、语法和句型结构。在阅读中,要充分运用上下文去猜测生词,要学会归纳文章的大意,要有意识地去理解细节,要在字里行间理解特定的单词和词组,要培养辨别“事实”和“意见”。

误区二:语法高于泰山

高三学生往往会花大量时间去复习语法,做语法题目,甚至到了高三下学期还在语法上做大量停留。语法固然重要,但不是一切。高考试卷中直接考语法的是16道单项选择题,占卷面分10%左右。从这个角度来说,平时花在语法上的时间应该是英语学习时间的10%左右,而将更多的时间投入到听力(30分,占高考卷面分20%)、阅读(50分,占高考卷面分1/3)和写话(45分,占高考卷面分约1/3)。另外,语法复习中往往也存在一个误区,就是单纯地大量做选择题。语法复习首先要建立对于语法的概念。就词法而言,要弄清词性,要了解构词法。就句法而言,要搞清楚句子基本结构,要了解基本句式,要搞清简单句、并列句和复合句的区别,要清楚复合句的基本大类和细项,并熟悉其基本特点。在搞清概念的基础上,通过做典型性题目来巩固对概念的理解。一般来说,动词和复合句在高考语法测试中所占比例较高,应给与更多重视,同时,不能忽视诸如代词、介词等较小的语法项目。

语法练习不要选太难的题目。高考不考偏、怪、难题,主要考察考生对语法概念的理解,并在特定的语境中运用语法知识。在语法复习中,高三学生要善于在阅读中捕捉语法点,培养语法意识。值得一提的是,虽然高考直接考查语法不多,但整张试卷都离不开扎实的语法功底。阅读理解离不开语法,特别是长句的理解,更是须要运用语法知识来梳理句子结构。汉译英对语法的要求更到,要求考生所写句子语法准确。因此,扎实的语法基本功和语法运用能力远远高于做语法选择题。

误区三:写作就是“翻译”

许多高三学生把英语写作单纯地看作“汉译英”,只要先用汉语写出作文,再翻译成英语就可以了。其实,英语写作绝不是简单的翻译。首先,英语作文和汉语作文不同。英语作文只须写150词左右长度的短文,其要求远远低于汉语作文的要求。其次,英语高考作文着重考察学生运用英语表达观点的能力,英语语言的知识和运用为主要考察目标。从汉语的角度立意,所“写”文章固然层次不低,但要准确翻译成英语恐怕不是考生短时间内能完成的。而且,翻译出的英语往往有明显的汉语痕迹。英语写作为GuidedWriting,即给出一定指示,要求考生表达自己的观点。写作文时,首先要理解作文要求,然后是构思,既指内容的构思,又指语言的构思。构思内容时,不必构思出完整的句子甚至是文章,只要有大致的框架就可以了。语言构思指的是运用语言知识表达所构思内容,这也是选择恰当的词汇、词组和句子结构的过程。高考作文多半是叙议结构类作文,要求在叙述的基础上阐述观点,并作适当论述。在构思内容的时候,要充分理解所给指示,挖掘主题,选取恰当的切入口,并要充分结合作者个人情况。高三学生在平时作文训练中,要注意积累句型结构,充分运用所学语言知识,把自己最熟悉、最得心应手的语法、结构应用到写作中去。阅读理解[/page]

【练习题】

阅读理解 (共两节,满分40分)

第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。

A.EP Portable Heater

We all know that the cost of heating our homes will continue to be a significant burden on the family budget. Now millions of people are saving on their heating bills with the EP Portable Heater. With over one million satisfied customers around the world, the new EP heats better and faster, saves more on heating bills, and runs almost silent.

The EP has no exposed heating parts that can cause a fire. The outside of EP only gets warm to thetouch so that it will not burn children or pets.

The EP will not reduce oxygen in the room. With other heaters, you’ll notice that you get sleepy when the heat comes on because they are burning up oxygen.

The advanced EP also heats the room evenly, wall to wall and floor to ceiling. It comfortably covers an area up to 350 square feet. Other heaters heat rooms unevenly with most of the heat concentrated to the center of the room. And they only heat an area a few feet around the heater. With the EP, the temperature will not vary in any part of the room.

The EP comes with a 3-year warranty (保修) and a 60-day, no questions asked, satisfaction guarantee. If you are not totally satisfied, return it at our expense and your money will be given back to you.

Now, we have a special offer for 10 days, during which you can enjoy a half price discount and a free delivery. If you order after that, we reserve the right to either accept or reject order requests at the discounted

price.

Take action right now!

21. What is mainly discussed in Paragraph 2?

A. the safety of the EP B. the heat of the EP

C. the appearance of the EP D. the material of the EP

22. From the passage, we can learn that the EP _______.

A. runs without any noise B. doesn’t burn up oxygen

C. makes people get sleepy D. is unsuitable for children and pets

23. The underlined word “evenly” in Paragraph 4 probably means ________.

A. separately B. equally C. quickly D. continuously

24. The main purpose of the passage is to ________.

A. compare the difference of different heart brands

B. advise people to save on heating bills

C. report the new development of portable heaters

D. persuade people to buy the product

B.Read the advertisements carefully. Then answer the questions that follow.

INTERESTED IN CHILDCARE?

Qualified person or preschool teacher needed for busy childcare center, south of the river. Full-time work guaranteed. Immediate start necessary. The candidate must be able to work as a co-operative team member. Phone 6345 2345 for an interview and fax resume to 6345 2345.

WE NEED OFFICE CLEANERS!

Three people are required for professional cleaning in the CBD area. Working hours from 5:00 pm on Mondays, Wednesdays & Fridays. Approximately five hours per shift. A good record is necessary. Experience preferred. Phone 6345 7843 now.

WANT TO WORK AS A DENTAL NURSE?

This is an exciting opportunity for a qualified dental nurse with a confident and cheerful personality to work in the School Dental Health Scheme. You must be able to get along well with children because the work involves talking to groups about dental health practices. For further information, visit our website at: schooldentalservices@ gov. sg. And fax your resume to 6234 4567.

FLORIST WANTED!

Are you a creative and trained florist with at least two years of experience? Then this may be just what you are seeking. The city’s leading Florist Artist Studio needs another part-time member on their wedding team. Please phone 6098 7888 now!

25. The position of a(n)_______is a part-time job.

A. preschool teacher B. artist C. florist D. dental nurse

26. Which of the following is the most important for the childcare job?

A. Cooking skills. B. Childcare experience.

C. The ability to start work in two weeks. D. The ability to work well with other people.

27. The office cleaners will be required to work about _______ hours a week.

A.5 B. 15 C. 10 D.20

C

I am a writer. I spend a great deal of my time thinking about the power of language—the way it can evoke(唤起) an emotion, a visual image, a complex idea, or a simple truth. Language is the tool of my trade. And I use them all—all the Englishes I grew up with.

Born into a Chinese family that had recently arrived in California, I’ve been giving more thought to the kind of English my mother speaks. Like others, I have described it to people as “broken” English. But I feel embarrassed to say that. It has always bothered me that I can think of no way to describe it other than “broken”, as if it were damaged and needed to be fixed, as if it lacked a certain wholeness. I’ve heard other terms used, “limited English,” for example. But they seem just as bad, as if everything is limited, including people’s perceptions(认识)of the limited English speaker.

I know this for a fact, because when I was growing up, my mother’s “limited” English limited my perception of her. I was ashamed of her English. I believed that her English reflected the quality of what she had to say. That is, because she expressed them imperfectly her thoughts were imperfect. And I had plenty of evidence to support me: the fact that people in department stores, at banks, and at restaurants did not take her seriously, did not give her good service, pretended not to understand her, or even acted as if they did not hear her.

I started writing fiction in 1985. And for reasons I won’t get into today, I began to write stories using all the Englishes I grew up with: the English she used with me, which for lack of a better term might be described as “broken”, and what I imagine to be her translation of her Chinese, her internal(内在的) language, and for that I sought to preserve the essence, but neither an English nor a Chinese structure. I wanted to catch what language ability tests can never show: her intention, her feelings, the rhythms of her speech and the nature of her thoughts.

28. By saying “Language is the tool of my trade”, the author means that ______.

A. she uses English in foreign trade B. she is fascinated by languages

C. she works as a translator D. she is a writer by profession

29. Which of the following is TRUE according to Paragraph 3?

A. Americans do not understand broken English.

B. The author’s mother was not respected sometimes.

C. The author’ mother had positive influence on her.

D. Broken English always reflects imperfect thoughts.

30. The author gradually realizes her mother’s English is _____.

A. well structured B. in the old style C. rich in meaning D. easy to translate

31. What is the passage mainly about?

A. The changes of the author’s attitude to her mother’s English.

B. The limitation of the author’s perception of her mother.

C. The author’s misunderstanding of “limited” English.

D. The author’s experiences of using broken English.

D

Throughout the history of the arts, the nature of creativity has remained constant to artists. No matter what objects they select, artists are to bring forth new forces and forms that cause change---to find poetry where no one has ever seen or experienced it before.

Landscape (风景) is another unchanging element of art. It can be found from ancient times through the17th-century Dutch painters to the 19th-century romanticists and impressionists. In the 1970s Alfred Leslie, one of the new American realists, continued this practice. Leslie sought out the same place where ThomasCole, a romanticist, had produced paintings of the same scene a century and a half before. Unlike Cole who insists on a feeling of loneliness and the idea of finding peace in nature, Leslie paints what he actually sees. In his paintings, there is no particular change in emotion, and he includes ordinary things like the highway in the background. He also takes advantage of the latest developments of color photography to help both the eye and the memory when he improves his painting back in his workroom.

Besides, all art begs the age-old question: What is real? Each generation of artists has shown their understanding of reality in one form or another. The impressionists saw reality in brief emotional effects, the realists in everyday subjects and in forest scenes, and the Cro-Magnon cave people in their naturalistic drawings of the animals in the ancient forests. To sum up, understanding reality is a necessary struggle for artists of all periods.

Over thousands of years the function of the arts has remained relatively constant. Past or present, Eastern or Western, the arts are a basic part of our immediate experience. Many and different are the faces ofart, and together they express the basic need and hope of human beings.

32. The underlined word “poetry” most probably means ________ .

A. an object for artistic creation B. a collection of poems

C. an unusual quality D. a natural scene

33. Leslie’s paintings are extraordinary because ___________.

A. they are close in style to works in ancient times

B. they look like works by 19th-century painters

C. they draw attention to common things in life

D. they depend heavily on color photography

34. What is the author’s opinion of artistic reality?

A. It will not be found in future works of art. B. It does not have a long-lasting standard.

C. It is expressed in a fixed artistic form. D. It is lacking in modern works of art.

35. Which of the following is the main topic of the passage?

A. History of the arts. B. Use of modern technology in the arts.

C. New developments in the arts. D. Basic questions of the arts.七选五补全短文[/page]

第二节 七选五补全短文 (共5小题,每小题2分,满分10分) (请将答案写到II卷上,否则不给分!)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

I was ten when I first sat with my grandmother behind the cashier(收银台)in her general store. 36_I quickly learned the importance of treating customers politely and saying “thank you.”

At first I was paid in candy. 37 I worked every day after school, and during the summer and on weekends and holidays from 8 a.m. to 7 p.m. My father helped me set up a bank account. 38

By the time I was 12, my grandmother thought I had done such a good job that she promoted me to selling cosmetics(化妆品)I developed the ability to look customers directly in the eye. Even though I was just a kid, women would ask me such things as “What color do you think I should wear?” I took a real interest in their questions and was able to translate what they wanted into makeup(化妆)ideas. 39

The job taught me a valuable lesson: to be a successful salesperson, you didn’t need to be a rocket scientist—you needed to be a great listener. 40 Expect they are no longer women purchasing cosmetics from me; instead, they are kids who tell me which toys they would like to see designed and developed.

A. Later I received 50 cents an hour.

B. Before long, she let me sit there by myself.

C. I ended my selling a record amount of cosmetics.

D. Today I still carry that lesson with me: I listen to customers.

E. My grandma’s trust taught me how to handle responsibility.

F. Soon I found myself looking more beautiful than ever before.

G. Watching my money grow was more rewarding than anything I could have bought.英语知识运用[/page]

第三部分 英语知识运用(共二节,满分45分)

第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A, B, C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。(注意:请将答案转涂到机读卡上相应小题标号处!机读卡上的36~40小题处空出,不要填涂!)

The requirements for high school graduation have just changed in my community. As a result, all students must 41 sixty hours of service learning, 42 they will not receive a diploma. Service learning is academic learning that also helps the community. 43 of service learning include cleaning up a polluted river, working in a soup kitchen, or tutoring a student. 44 a service experience, students must keep a journal(日志)and then write a _45 about what they have learned.

Supporters claim that there are many 46 of service learning. Perhaps most importantly, students are forced to think 47 their own interests and become 48 of the needs of others. Students are also able to learn real-life skills that 49 shouldering responsibility, solving problems, and working as part of a team. __50 , students can explore possible careers _51 service learning. For example, if a student wonders what teaching is like, he or she can choose to work in an elementary school classroom a few afternoons each month.

52 there are many benefits, opponents 53 problems with the new requirement. First, they__54 that the main reason students go to school is to learn core subjects and skills. Because service learning is time-consuming, students spend 55 time studying the core subjects. Second, they believe that forcing students to work without 56 goes against the law. By requiring service, the school takes away an individual’s freedom to choose.

In my view, service learning is a great way to 57 to the community, learn new skills, and explore different careers. 58 , I don’t believe you should force people to help others – the 59 to help must come from the heart. I think the best _60 is one that gives students choices: a student should be able to choose sixty hours of independent study or sixty hours of service. Choice encourages both freedom and responsibility, and as young adults, we must learn to handle both wisely.

41. A. spend B. gain C .complete D. save

42. A. and B. or C. but D. for

43. A. Subjects B. ideas C. Procedures D. Examples

44. A. During B. Before C. With D. After

45. A. diary B. report C. note D. notice

46. A. courses B. benefits C. challenges D. features

47. A. beyond B. about C. over D. in

48. A. careful B. proud C. tired D. aware

49. A. possess B. apply C. develop D. include

50. A. Gradually B. Finally C. Luckily D. Hopefully

51. A. through B. across C. of D. on

52. A. So B. Thus C. Since D. While

53. A. deal with B. look into C. point out D. take down

54. A. doubt B. argue C. overlook D. admit

55. A. much B. full C. less D. more

56. A. cost B. pay C. care D. praise

57. A. contribute B. appeal C. attend D. belong

58. A. However B. Otherwise C. Besides D. Therefore

59. A. courage B. desire C. emotion D. spirit

60. A. decision B. purpose C. solution D. result非选择题[/page]

第II卷 非选择题 (共50分)

注意事项:1. 必须使用0.5毫米黑色墨迹签字笔在答题卡上题目所指示的答题区域内作答。答在试题卷上无效。

2. 第II卷共三个部分,共计40分。

第二节 (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

China’s V-Day parade not only makes clear its key role in defeating fascism(法西斯)but also shows that a powerful, modern nation has emerged already. There is 1 African proverb that says, “Until a son is old enough, he will not bother 2 (ask) what killed his father in order to take revenge.” The ceremony demonstrated that China has come of age and can no longer be ignored by the rest of the world.

No 3 (few) than 17 countries sent a total of 1,000 troops to take part in the parade, joining 12,000Chinese troops in Tian’anmen Square. China displayed a series of modern military hardware including tanks, fighter jets and ballistic missiles(弹道导弹).

On the day of the parade, Xi said the day would go down in history in remembrance of the 4(remark) times in 5 the world stood against Japanese aggression. While thanking the world leaders who stood 6 China, he said that “the war was evil 7 justice won finally”.

Xi said that during the war, great sacrifices were made. Chinese officials say 20 million died and 15million 8 (wound) in China. Xi said China also will always remember the 9 (contribute)of other countries in the defeat of Japan during the war.

While 10 (say) that China loves peace, he announced that China would reduce its military forces by 300,000 troops by the end of 2017.

第四部分 写作(共两节,共35分)

第一节短文改错 (共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(Λ),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:

1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。(请不要在此处作答,否则不给分)

Everybody needs have friends in life. But being a friend can sometime be hard work. Learn how to solve problems in friendship can make you a better friend and a happier person. An universal problem between friends is that they don’t know why to talk with each other about difficult things. When they are talking, they often get madly with each other. What can they do? It took time to learn how to communicate well, and it is important to understand why a friend gets angry to you when you say something. If you know which makes your friend angry, and you can try to talk about the problem in a different way.

第二节 书面表达(满分25分)(请不要在此处作答,否则不给分)

我校10月份将举行的运动会上,各年级在开幕式中将呈现丰富多彩的表演。通常,这些表演将会受到师生的好评,但也将会引起一些争议。 请根据以下表格的内容写一篇短文,并发表你的看法。

注意:词数120左右。短文的开头已经给出,不计入总词数。

参考词汇:庄重 serious adj. 排练 rehearsal n.

In the school sports meeting to be held in October, different grades will present at the opening ceremony various colorful performances, which are to be highly praised by both teachers and students. But at the same time, such performances also bring about some controversies as to whether they are necessary.

高三英语学习误区是学习的重点内容,也是考试的重点内容,同学们要警觉起来,各科成绩的提高是同学们提高总体学习成绩的重要途径~

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